Here is the first color photograph. It was created in 1861 by Thomas Sutton based on a technique that had been suggested by mathematician James Clerk Maxwell, that mimicked the way an eye processes color. This image of a ribbon had to be photographed 3 times, each with a different color filter (red, blue, yellow) and then combined together to make this composite image.
17 years later, Louis Ducos du Hauron used a subtractive method to capture the color in this landscape image but it would take a few more decades before color photography could be widely utilized by photographers. The original three color method is most similar to how cameras work today